Females produce estrogen and progesterone which are also called as female hormones. Their bodies also produce testosterone in very small amounts which are primarily a male hormone. When there is an imbalance in the amounts of these hormones in female body, it gives rise to disorder called PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome. This syndrome affects the women’s fertility in a threatening way and makes it difficult for them to conceive. With the development of PCOS treatment regimes, conceiving for PCOS does not make pregnancy impossible anymore.
Causes of PCOS
Eating sugar-rich foods and insulin imbalance in the body can result in PCOS. Insulin is a hormone generated in pancreas and is responsible for conversion of body sugar into energy. But, when the insulin levels are insufficient, it can lead to spike in sugar levels. The elevated sugar levels lead to increased production of testosterone. If the testosterone is present in higher amount, it interferes with the female sex hormones levels that ultimately prevent the follicles to mature and to release egg. Thus, elevated sugar levels in the body are the most common cause of PCOS.
How to recognize PCOS
Though the thorough check-up and scanning should be the base for recognizing the PCOS, still some symptoms are quite obvious in a PCOS patient:
- Facial hair growth in women. Chest and back may also show hair growth.
- Ovarian cysts (can be found through sonography scan)
- Skin tags
- Extreme moodiness
- Unexplained weight gain
All these symptoms can compel doctor to go for scans and blood tests for establishing the doubt. According to the findings, the hormonal treatment is suggested.
Understanding the effect of PCOS on reproduction cycle in women
Every month some follicles which are fluid with fluid protrude on the ovary’s surface. Estrogen ripens one of these follicles so that it can produce an egg. Due to ovarian function, the egg comes out of the follicle and become ready to fuse with the sperm. The imbalance in the female hormones interferes with this breaking process of follicle and thus, no fusion takes place. The imbalance in the female sex hormones can also prevent the egg from developing to the full, so no release takes place. Thus, ovulation in females and eventually the pregnancy is affected due to PCOS. The signs of PCOS are pain in abdomen, heavy menstruation and extreme moodiness. The women tend to gain weight uncontrollably due to PCOS which in turn makes conceiving all the more difficult.
Natural treatment of PCOS – a ray of hope for wannabe mothers
PCOS has a lot to do with the lifestyle, food choices and mental stress levels. Some women are given medical treatments like gonadotropins and Clomid to regulate the ovulation process. The IVF is also tried in case of severe PCOS. But, jumping to complicated solution like IVF may not be advised directly. The first line of treatment certainly includes trying natural options like eating healthy food and maintaining holistic health at optimal levels.
To begin with, combination of diet and fertility drugs can be tried. The drugs will be able to produce positive effect only when the body’s nourishment requirements are sufficiently met. The food PCOS women should eat include:
- High-fiber protein sources like whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
- Lentils, nuts, beans and seeds like sunflower seeds, flax seeds, and so on.
- Spinach, celery, fenugreek leaves, sweet potato and so on.
Foods to avoid are processed foods, drinks like aerated drinks, sodas, etc.
The patient of PCOS needs to be encouraged for weight loss. They have to burn calories everyday and limit the diet to fat-free and carbohydrates-free foods. However, fad diets are not recommended. Instead, one must collect info about how to bring positive changes in food, mental health and overall lifestyle to give PCOS a big fight.
Monitoring is also essential
Apart from eating healthy diet, taking medicines and becoming physically active, the monitoring of reproductive phases in women is important too. A woman with PCOS can increase the chances of conception by getting the ovulation monitored. Sometimes, timing the intercourse as per the ovulation cycle also helps.
PCOS is one of the various causes that lead to ovarian infertility. Reach to the best programs that follow holistic approach to help the people in fighting fertility and its underlying causes.