HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is the virus that causes AIDS. It breaks down certain cells (known as CD4 cells or T-Cells) in your immune system that damages your immune system, which is the human body’s defense system against the diseases. HIV makes your immune system so weak that your body cannot even fight with mild infections. HIV people get sick easily and even die from common infections. Once a person gets infected from HIV, the virus stays forever in the body and has no cure. However, HIV can be reduced and lowered using medication. HIV treatment can also reduce the chances of spreading the virus to other persons. HIV can lead to AID when not treated, and the person infected with HIV can live long life healthily. AIDS and HIV are different things; HIV is the virus that causes AIDS that is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. All people who have HIV do not necessarily have AIDS. AIDS is the condition when your CD4 cells become extremely lower, and your body gets infected. Without HIV (เอดส์, which is the term in Thai)treatment, it takes up to 10 years to develop AIDS.
Here are the few early Symptoms of HIV.
1. Fever, Fatigue, and Headache
Fever and Fatigue are the early symptoms of HIV infection. A person can have fatigue, swollen Lymph glands, and a sore throat. It is the phase when the virus is moving into the bloodstreams and start replicating. Then the immune system starts inducing an inflammatory reaction.
2. Swollen Lymph, Muscle ache, and Joint pains
Lymph nodes are the part of your immune system, and they prevent from bacteria and viruses. At the early stage of HIV infection when lymph nodes get inflamed, most of the infection is caused in the parts such as the armpit, groin, neck, joints that result in pains and aches.
3. Skin Rashes
HIV infection causes skin rashes. There are also some boils, itchy, and breakouts.
4. Nausea, Vomiting, and Diarrhea
HIV infection causes digestive system problems leading to nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. These are also symptoms of opportunistic infection.
5. Sore Throat and Dry Cough
When a dry cough and sore throat cannot resolve for weeks to months. They cannot be resolved even with antibiotics and inhalers are the signs of HIV infection.
6. Night Sweats
When a person gets night sweat not related to room temperature and exercise can have HIV infection and is also common in the later stage of infection.